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Vitamins

Coenzyme Q10 Plus E

Coenzyme Q10 and Vitamin E are the most important lipophilic skin antioxidants. Both, structurally closely related to each other, are naturally present in almost every body cell, including the skin, with higher levels in the epidermis/horny layer than the dermis. The sebum is particularly rich in these lipophilic antioxidants that have the job to protect the outer skin surface from oxidative attack. However it has been shown that the level of mainly Coenzyme Q10 declines with age. Topical application of coenzyme Q10 and vitamin E will help to balance the endogenous antioxidant level. Q10 plus E is a specially designed combination of Coenzyme Q10 and Vitamin E acetate for premium personal care applications, especially for mature skin. Coenzyme Q10 is essential for "cell breathing", energy transportation in the mitochondria and is essential to generate energy (ATP) for the body. From about 40-50 years of age the coenzyme Q10 levels in the body start to decrease.

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

Vitamin E a lipophilic nutrient and antioxidant and is known as tocopherol. Vitamin E encompasses a group of eight compounds that include both tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is mainly used in natural skin care products for its antioxidant, healing and skin cell stimulating properties. Vitamin E is a classic antioxidant, which protects against the destruction of the connective tissue caused by free radicals. Vitamin E is normally found in the skin, but exposure to sunlight has been shown to deplete this extremely important antioxidant and topical application of it boosts the availability of the vitamin. Adequate tocopherol levels become increasingly important in mature skin when it has been shown to decrease. Apart from the antioxidant properties, vitamin E also helps to moisturize the skin and even more importantly helps with tissue repair, thereby keeping the skin in good condition. In tests done it was found that a solution containing 5% of Vitamin E acetate decreased the healing time required and also that Vitamin E increases the breaking strength of wounds. Vitamin E is required for healthy collagen in the skin – which is the support system in the skin and helps the skin to remain firm and healthy.

Vitamin A Palmitate

Vitamin A is a lipophilic vitamin that is also a powerful antioxidant. Vitamin A Palmitate nourishes the skin, counteracts inflammations and protects cell membranes and other structures within the cells from the damage caused by free radicals and in this way helps to prevent skin disorders. It also plays an important role in the functioning of the eyes and the making of new skin and mucous membranes. Both retinol and retinyl palmitate are widely used ingredients in skin care products. Both are forms of Vitamin A. Retinol is also hugely popular in skin care products because the skin naturally converts it to retinoic acid, which helps to stimulate collagen production, increase cellular rejuvenation and decrease pore size, creating softer, smoother skin. Retinyl palmitate is considered to be a gentler, milder form of vitamin A. The combination of retinol and palmitic acid has been found in studies to be an effective antioxidant. Research has shown that Vitamin A can promote the effects of the skins natural moisturizing factor and gives the skin a radiant glow. Vitamin A can strengthen the effects of the skin’s outer layer to keep it looking firm and to support the effects of skin’s immune system to prevent the appearance of breakouts.